LPIC3 DIPLOMA Linux Clustering – LAB NOTES: Lesson Ceph Centos7 – Ceph RGW Gateway

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LAB on Ceph Clustering on Centos7

 

These are my notes made during my lab practical as part of my LPIC3 Diploma course in Linux Clustering. They are in “rough format”, presented as they were written.

 

This lab uses the ceph-deploy tool to set up the ceph cluster.  However, note that ceph-deploy is now an outdated Ceph tool and is no longer being maintained by the Ceph project. It is also not available for Centos8. The notes below relate to Centos7.

 

For OS versions of Centos higher than 7 the Ceph project advise you to use the cephadm tool for installing ceph on cluster nodes. 

 

At the time of writing (2021) knowledge of ceph-deploy is a stipulated syllabus requirement of the LPIC3-306 Clustering Diploma Exam, hence this Centos7 Ceph lab refers to ceph-deploy.

 

 

As Ceph is a large and complex subject, these notes have been split into several different pages.

 

 

Overview of Cluster Environment 

 

 

The cluster comprises three nodes installed with Centos7 and housed on a KVM virtual machine system on a Linux Ubuntu host. We are installing with Centos7 rather than the recent version because the later versions are not compatible with the ceph-deploy tool.

 

 

 

RGW Rados Object Gateway

 

 

first, install the ceph rgw package:

 

[root@ceph-mon ~]# ceph-deploy install –rgw ceph-mon
[ceph_deploy.conf][DEBUG ] found configuration file at: /root/.cephdeploy.conf
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] Invoked (2.0.1): /usr/bin/ceph-deploy install –rgw ceph-mon
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] ceph-deploy options:
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] verbose : False
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] testing : None
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] cd_conf : <ceph_deploy.conf.cephdeploy.Conf instance at 0x7f33f0221320>

 

… long list of package install output

….

[ceph-mon][DEBUG ]
[ceph-mon][DEBUG ] Dependency Installed:
[ceph-mon][DEBUG ] mailcap.noarch 0:2.1.41-2.el7
[ceph-mon][DEBUG ]
[ceph-mon][DEBUG ] Complete!
[ceph-mon][INFO ] Running command: ceph –version
[ceph-mon][DEBUG ] ceph version 13.2.10 (564bdc4ae87418a232fc901524470e1a0f76d641) mimic (stable)
[root@ceph-mon ~]#

 

 

check which package is installed with

 

[root@ceph-mon ~]# rpm -q ceph-radosgw
ceph-radosgw-13.2.10-0.el7.x86_64
[root@ceph-mon ~]#

 

next do:

 

[root@ceph-mon ~]# ceph-deploy rgw create ceph-mon
[ceph_deploy.conf][DEBUG ] found configuration file at: /root/.cephdeploy.conf
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] Invoked (2.0.1): /usr/bin/ceph-deploy rgw create ceph-mon
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] ceph-deploy options:
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] username : None
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] verbose : False
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] rgw : [(‘ceph-mon’, ‘rgw.ceph-mon’)]
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] overwrite_conf : False
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] subcommand : create
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] quiet : False
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] cd_conf : <ceph_deploy.conf.cephdeploy.Conf instance at 0x7f3bc2dd9e18>
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] cluster : ceph
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] func : <function rgw at 0x7f3bc38a62a8>
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] ceph_conf : None
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] default_release : False
[ceph_deploy.rgw][DEBUG ] Deploying rgw, cluster ceph hosts ceph-mon:rgw.ceph-mon
[ceph-mon][DEBUG ] connected to host: ceph-mon
[ceph-mon][DEBUG ] detect platform information from remote host
[ceph-mon][DEBUG ] detect machine type
[ceph_deploy.rgw][INFO ] Distro info: CentOS Linux 7.9.2009 Core
[ceph_deploy.rgw][DEBUG ] remote host will use systemd
[ceph_deploy.rgw][DEBUG ] deploying rgw bootstrap to ceph-mon
[ceph-mon][DEBUG ] write cluster configuration to /etc/ceph/{cluster}.conf
[ceph-mon][DEBUG ] create path recursively if it doesn’t exist
[ceph-mon][INFO ] Running command: ceph –cluster ceph –name client.bootstrap-rgw –keyring /var/lib/ceph/bootstrap-rgw/ceph.keyring auth get-or-create client.rgw.ceph-mon osd allow rwx mon allow rw -o /var/lib/ceph/radosgw/ceph-rgw.ceph-mon/keyring
[ceph-mon][INFO ] Running command: systemctl enable ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon
[ceph-mon][WARNIN] Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/ceph-radosgw.target.wants/ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/ceph-radosgw@.service.
[ceph-mon][INFO ] Running command: systemctl start ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon
[ceph-mon][INFO ] Running command: systemctl enable ceph.target
[ceph_deploy.rgw][INFO ] The Ceph Object Gateway (RGW) is now running on host ceph-mon and default port 7480
[root@ceph-mon ~]#

 

 

[root@ceph-mon ~]# systemctl status ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon
● ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service – Ceph rados gateway
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/ceph-radosgw@.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
Active: active (running) since Mi 2021-05-05 21:54:57 CEST; 531ms ago
Main PID: 7041 (radosgw)
CGroup: /system.slice/system-ceph\x2dradosgw.slice/ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service
└─7041 /usr/bin/radosgw -f –cluster ceph –name client.rgw.ceph-mon –setuser ceph –setgroup ceph

Mai 05 21:54:57 ceph-mon systemd[1]: ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service holdoff time over, scheduling restart.
Mai 05 21:54:57 ceph-mon systemd[1]: Stopped Ceph rados gateway.
Mai 05 21:54:57 ceph-mon systemd[1]: Started Ceph rados gateway.
[root@ceph-mon ~]#

 

but then stops:

 

[root@ceph-mon ~]# systemctl status ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon
● ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service – Ceph rados gateway
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/ceph-radosgw@.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
Active: failed (Result: start-limit) since Mi 2021-05-05 21:55:01 CEST; 16s ago
Process: 7143 ExecStart=/usr/bin/radosgw -f –cluster ${CLUSTER} –name client.%i –setuser ceph –setgroup ceph (code=exited, status=5)
Main PID: 7143 (code=exited, status=5)

 

Mai 05 21:55:01 ceph-mon systemd[1]: ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service: main process exited, code=exited, status=5/NOTINSTALLED
Mai 05 21:55:01 ceph-mon systemd[1]: Unit ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service entered failed state.
Mai 05 21:55:01 ceph-mon systemd[1]: ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service failed.
Mai 05 21:55:01 ceph-mon systemd[1]: ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service holdoff time over, scheduling restart.
Mai 05 21:55:01 ceph-mon systemd[1]: Stopped Ceph rados gateway.
Mai 05 21:55:01 ceph-mon systemd[1]: start request repeated too quickly for ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service
Mai 05 21:55:01 ceph-mon systemd[1]: Failed to start Ceph rados gateway.
Mai 05 21:55:01 ceph-mon systemd[1]: Unit ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service entered failed state.
Mai 05 21:55:01 ceph-mon systemd[1]: ceph-radosgw@rgw.ceph-mon.service failed.
[root@ceph-mon ~]#

 

 

why…

 

[root@ceph-mon ~]# /usr/bin/radosgw -f –cluster ceph –name client.rgw.ceph-mon –setuser ceph –setgroup ceph
2021-05-05 22:45:41.994 7fc9e6388440 -1 Couldn’t init storage provider (RADOS)
[root@ceph-mon ~]#

 

[root@ceph-mon ceph]# radosgw-admin user create –uid=cephuser –key-type=s3 –access-key cephuser –secret-key cephuser –display-name=”cephuser”
2021-05-05 22:13:54.255 7ff4152ec240 0 rgw_init_ioctx ERROR: librados::Rados::pool_create returned (34) Numerical result out of range (this can be due to a pool or placement group misconfiguration, e.g. pg_num < pgp_num or mon_max_pg_per_osd exceeded)
2021-05-05 22:13:54.255 7ff4152ec240 0 failed reading realm info: ret -34 (34) Numerical result out of range
couldn’t init storage provider
[root@ceph-mon ceph]#

 

 

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